Prevalence and prognostic significance of depressive symptoms in a geriatric post-hip fracture assessment

Roope Jaatinen, Tiina Luukkaala, Heli Helminen, Markus T. Hongisto, Matti Viitanen, Maria S. Nuotio

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Objectives: To investigate the prevalence and prognostic significance of post-hip fracture depressive symptoms. Methods: A naturalistic clinical cohort study. Data were collected on admission to hospital, geriatric assessment 4–6 months post-fracture and by telephone interview one-year post fracture. Depressive symptoms were assessed at the geriatric assessment using the 15-item Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS-15). Logistic regression analyses with multivariable models were conducted to examine the association of depressive symptoms with changes in mobility and living arrangements and Cox proportional hazards models for mortality between the geriatric assessment and one-year follow-up. Results: Of the 1070 patients, 22% (n = 238) had mild and 6% (n = 67) moderate to severe depressive symptoms. Patients with depressive symptoms had poorer nutritional status at baseline, lower scores on the cognitive and physical performance tests and poorer functional abilities in the geriatric assessment than those without. No association was observed between depressive symptoms and any of the outcomes at one-year follow-up. Poor nutritional status and physical functioning remained significant prognostic indicators. Conclusion: Post-hip fracture depressive symptoms are common and deserve attention during post-hip fracture recovery and rehabilitation. Nonetheless, depressive symptoms have no impact on the change in mobility or living arrangements or mortality. These latter outcomes are mainly explained by poor nutritional status and functioning.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAging and Mental Health
Issue number9
Early online date3 Nov 2021
Publication statusPublished - 2022
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • cognition
  • Depressive symptoms
  • hip fracture
  • mobility
  • nutrition
  • rehabilitation

Publication forum classification

  • Publication forum level 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Phychiatric Mental Health
  • Gerontology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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