Primary site of Coxsackievirus B replication in the small intestines: No proof of peyer’s patches involvement

Shubhada Bopegamage, Katarina Berakova, Pavol Gomocak, Renata Baksova, Jochem Galama, Heikki Hyöty, Sisko Tauriainen

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Abstract

Background: Enterovirus (EV) infections are associated with a broad range of diseases. Since the first experimental infection of primates with poliovirus (PV), tonsils and the Peyer’s patches (PPs) have been believed to be the primary replication sites of EVs. Our aim was to localize different viral markers in the small intestines (SI) of coxsackievirus B (CVB) orally and intraperitoneally (i.p.) infected mice. Methods: Transverse sections of SIs of both infected and control male outbred mice were collected at different intervals post-infection (p.i) and analyzed for presence of interferon-alpha (IFN-α) and viral protein VP1 by immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization (ISH). Fluorescent marker, eGFP, was identified in cryosections of mice infected with eGFP-CVB3. Results: In the infected SIs, we observed enlarged germinating centers (GCs) in the PPs; IFN-α was detected in the PPs and mucosal layer of the SIs. However, VP1, viral RNA and the eGFP were absent in the GCs of PPs at all stages of infection irrespective of the virus strains used. Conclusions: Virus was present in the epithelial cells but not in GCs of the PPs of the murine SIs. Our results do not support the hypothesis of EV replication in the PP especially in the GCs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2600
JournalMicroorganisms
Volume9
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • Coxsackieviruses
  • Mice
  • Peyer’s patches
  • Small intestines

Publication forum classification

  • Publication forum level 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Virology

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