Profiles of mental well- and ill-being among elite athletes: Associations with sport-related demands and resources

Satu Kaski, Monna Arvinen-Barrow, Ulla Kinnunen, Jari Parkkari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
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Abstract

The aim of the present study was to identify profiles of elite athlete mental well-and ill-being and study how the profiles (i.e., subgroups of athletes) differed in sport-related demands and resources. A total of 259 Finnish elite athletes (n = 170 active and n = 89 retired) completed quantitative self-report inventories. Through cluster analysis, four profiles of mental well-and ill-being were identified. Profile 1 was overrepresented by retired, older, and male athletes, and characterized by good mental well-being. Profile 2 consisted mainly of active athletes who reported mild risk for alcohol abuse. Profile 3 consisted mainly of women who displayed possible presence of an eating disorder. Profile 4 was typical of young athletes with mental ill-being. The balance between sport-related demands and resources appeared to be the healthiest in Profile 1 and worst in Profile 4. The present findings are beneficial for those who work with and/or provide psychological support to athletes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)56-74
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Clinical Sport Psychology
Volume18
Issue number1
Early online date4 Aug 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2024
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Publication forum classification

  • Publication forum level 1

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