Promoting the Standing of VET in Finland: Balancing the Different Aims of VET

Heta Rintala, Petri Nokelainen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review


According to EU policy, two factors are considered critical for ensuring the attractiveness of vocational education and training (VET): high quality learning pathways that are flexible and permeable and links between education and the world of work. In Finland, multiple VET-related reforms have been enacted in recent years. The VET reform highlighted individual study paths and flexibility, the extension of compulsory education placed further emphasis on youth education and the reform of continuous learning emphasised upskilling and reskilling opportunities. In this chapter, the standing of VET is first discussed based on statistical data. A small-scale Delphi study with a panel of experts was conducted to examine the current standing of VET in more detail and to reveal developments and future directions that could facilitate the promotion of VET. The results indicate that instead of continuous reforms and development projects, long-term development focused on improving quality is required, which can only be achieved with the support of stable funding. Nevertheless, the findings imply that implementing measures to promote the standing of VET will require effort, as the task will involve finding a balance between the different target groups and varying aims of VET as a promoter of social inclusion and economic growth and between employment and further education pathways.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Standing of Vocational Education and the Occupations It Serves
Subtitle of host publicationCurrent Concerns and Strategies For Enhancing That Standing
EditorsStephen Billett, Barbara Elisabeth Stalder, Vibe Aarkrog, Sarojni Choy, Steven Hodge, Anh Hai Le
Number of pages17
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-030-96237-1
ISBN (Print)978-3-030-96236-4
Publication statusPublished - 2022
Publication typeA3 Part of a book or another research book

Publication series

NameProfessional and Practice-based Learning
ISSN (Print)2210-5549
ISSN (Electronic)2210-5557


  • Attractiveness
  • Finland
  • Flexibility
  • Funding
  • Learning pathways
  • Lifelong learning
  • Parity of esteem
  • Permeability
  • Policy
  • Quality
  • Reform
  • Standing
  • Status
  • Vocational education and training

Publication forum classification

  • Publication forum level 2

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Education


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