Ray-Based Modeling of Unlicensed-Band mmWave Propagation Inside a City Bus

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
4 Downloads (Pure)


In the wake of recent hardware developments, augmented, mixed, and virtual reality applications – grouped under an umbrella term of eXtended reality (XR) – are believed to have a transformative effect on customer experience. Among many XR use cases, of particular interest are crowded commuting scenarios, in which passengers are involved in in-bus/in-train entertainment, e.g., high-quality video or 3D hologram streaming and AR/VR gaming. In the case of a city bus, the number of commuting users during the busy hours may exceed forty, and, hence, could pose far higher traffic demands than the existing microwave technologies can support. Consequently, the carrier candidate for XR hardware should be sought in the millimeter-wave (mmWave) spectrum; however, the use of mmWave cellular frequencies may appear impractical due to the severe attenuation or blockage by the modern metal coating of the glass. As a result, intra-vehicle deployment of unlicensed mmWave access points becomes the most promising solution for bandwidth-hungry XR devices. In this paper, we present the calibrated results of shooting-and-bouncing ray simulation at 60 GHz for the bus interior. We analyze the delay and angular spread, estimate the parameters of the Saleh-Valenzuela channel model, and draw important practical conclusions regarding the intra-vehicle propagation at 60 GHz.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternet of Things, Smart Spaces, and Next Generation Networks and Systems - 19th International Conference, NEW2AN 2019, and 12th Conference, ruSMART 2019, Proceedings
EditorsOlga Galinina, Sergey Andreev, Yevgeni Koucheryavy, Sergey Balandin
PublisherSpringer Verlag
Number of pages13
ISBN (Print)9783030308582
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Publication typeA4 Article in conference proceedings
EventInternational Conference on Next Generation Teletraffic and Wired/Wireless Advanced Networks and Systems - St. Petersburg, Russian Federation
Duration: 26 Aug 201928 Aug 2019

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349


ConferenceInternational Conference on Next Generation Teletraffic and Wired/Wireless Advanced Networks and Systems
Country/TerritoryRussian Federation
CitySt. Petersburg


  • Channel model
  • Intra-vehicular
  • mmWave
  • SBR
  • Wearables

Publication forum classification

  • Publication forum level 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Computer Science(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Ray-Based Modeling of Unlicensed-Band mmWave Propagation Inside a City Bus'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this