Recognition of multipolar second-order nonlinearities in thin-film samples

Kalle Koskinen, Robert Czaplicki, Tommi Kaplas, Martti Kauranen

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    6 Citations (Scopus)


    We use two-beam second-harmonic generation to address thin films of silicon nitride (SiN). This technique is able to distinguish between the dipolar and higher-multipolar (magnetic and quadrupolar) contributions to the nonlinearity, as earlier shown for bulk samples. Our results for the SiN films exhibit strong multipolar signatures. Nevertheless, the results can be fully explained by the strong dipolar response of SiN once multiple reflections of the fundamental and second-harmonic fields within the film are properly taken into account. The results show that the recognition of multipolar nonlinearities requires extreme care for samples typically used for the characterization of new materials.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)4972-4978
    Number of pages7
    JournalOptics Express
    Issue number5
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2016
    Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    • Nonlinear optics
    • Thin films, optical properties

    Publication forum classification

    • Publication forum level 2


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