Renewable Energy in Finland: From a Production-Centric to a Consumption-Centric System

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5 Citations (Scopus)


Finland, in line with its Nordic neighbours, has set itself ambitious goals to achieve carbon neutrality. By the late 2010s, the idea of a full-scale energy transition was mainstreamed in Finnish society alongside the expectation of renewable energy being the main production component in the Finnish energy system. In this chapter, we argue that an increased share of renewable energy sources is associated with the trends of electrification, decentralisation and variability. These trends contribute to a move from a production-centric to a consumption-centric energy system and require a focus on how flows of electricity are managed, stored and redistributed and how this affects the interests of the widening field of stakeholders. We focus on stakeholders’ interests as they navigate and respond to the trends associated with a higher share of renewable energy in the system with a special focus on grid development and energy storage. Our analysis highlights that whereas the need for a transition to higher shares of renewable energy is being mainstreamed, the policy development necessary is still in a formative phase and stakeholders struggle to balance and interlink the variety of their interests.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationNew Challenges and Solutions for Renewable Energy
Subtitle of host publicationJapan, East Asia and Northern Europe
EditorsPaul Midford, Espen Moe
Number of pages28
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-030-54514-7
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Publication typeA3 Book chapter

Publication series

NameInternational Political Economy Series
ISSN (Print)2662-2483
ISSN (Electronic)2662-2491


  • Energy storage
  • Energy system development
  • Finland
  • Nordics
  • Renewable energy
  • Smart grid

Publication forum classification

  • Publication forum level 3

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance(all)
  • Political Science and International Relations


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