Role of physical activity in the relationship between recovery from work and insomnia among early childhood education and care professionals: a cross-sectional study

Tiina Karihtala, Sampsa Puttonen, Anu M. Valtonen, Hannu Kautiainen, Leila Hopsu, Ari Heinonen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Objectives This study aimed to investigate the association between recovery from work and insomnia and the role of objectively measured leisure-time physical activity and occupational physical activity in this association. Design Cross-sectional. Setting and participants Study with female early childhood education and care professionals (N=224) in Finland was conducted between April 2017 and September 2018. Methods Recovery from work was measured with the Need for Recovery scale and insomnia with the Jenkins Sleep Scale. Physical activity was measured with an accelerometer for 7 days and analysed to represent leisure-time physical activity and occupational physical activity (min/day). Results Both Jenkins Sleep Scale and occupational physical activity significantly predicted Need for Recovery (β=0.29; 95% CI 0.17 to 0.42 and β=0.14; 95% CI 0.01 to 0.27, respectively). A low relationship was observed between the Need for Recovery and Jenkins Sleep Scale (r=0.32, 95% Cl 0.19 to 0.44). After categorising participants into four groups based on median splits of occupational and leisure-time physical activity, relationships between the Need for Recovery and Jenkins Sleep Scale were low to moderate in the high occupational physical activity and leisure time physical activity group (r=0.38, 95% Cl 0.14 to 0.61), and in the high occupational physical activity and low leisure-time physical activity group (r=0.40, 95% Cl 0.18 to 0.63). Conclusion Both insomnia and physical activity at work seem to be relevant in recovery from work. To enhance recovery, especially those involved in high physical activity at work, should seek methods to improve recovery, by incorporating activities that promote recuperation both during their workday and in their leisure time. Further research on the relevance of physical activity in recovery with longitudinal setting is warranted.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere079746
JournalBmj Open
Volume14
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 Mar 2024
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • Health Education
  • Occupational Stress
  • PUBLIC HEALTH

Publication forum classification

  • Publication forum level 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine

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