Severe asthma trajectories in adults: findings from the NORDSTAR cohort

Anna von Bülow, Susanne Hansen, Patrik Sandin, Olivia Ernstsson, Christer Janson, Lauri Lehtimäki, Hannu Kankaanranta, Charlotte Ulrik, Bernt Bøgvald Aarli, Kirk Geale, Sheila Tuyet Tang, Maija Wolf, Vibeke Backer, Ole Hilberg, Alan Altraja, Helena Backman, Dóra Lúdvíksdóttir, Unnur Steina Björnsdóttir, Paula Kauppi, Thomas SandströmAsger Sverrild, Valentyna Yasinska, Maritta Kilpeläinen, Barbro Dahlén, Arja Viinanen, Leif Bjermer, Apostolos Bossios, Celeste Porsbjerg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: There is limited evidence on the pathways leading to severe asthma and we are presently unable to effectively predict the progression of the disease. We aimed to describe the longitudinal trajectories leading to severe asthma and to describe clinical events preceding disease progression in a nationwide population of patients with severe asthma. METHODS: We conducted an observational study based on Swedish data from the NORdic Dataset for aSThmA Research (NORDSTAR) research collaboration platform. We identified adult patients with severe asthma in 2018 according to the European Respiratory Society/American Thoracic Society definition and used latent class analysis to identify trajectories of asthma severity over a 10-year retrospective period from 2018. RESULTS: Among 169 128 asthma patients, we identified 4543 severe asthma patients. We identified four trajectories of severe asthma that were labelled as: trajectory 1 "consistently severe asthma" (n=389 (8.6%)), trajectory 2 "gradual onset severe asthma" (n=942 (20.7%)), trajectory 3 "intermittent severe asthma" (n=1685 (37.1%)) and trajectory 4 "sudden onset severe asthma" (n=1527 (33.6%)). "Consistently severe asthma" had a higher daily inhaled corticosteroid dose and more prevalent osteoporosis compared with the other trajectories. Patients with "gradual onset severe asthma" and "sudden onset severe asthma" developed type 2-related comorbidities concomitantly with development of severe asthma. In the latter group, this primarily occurred within 1-3 years preceding onset of severe asthma. CONCLUSIONS: Four distinct trajectories of severe asthma were identified illustrating different patterns of progression of asthma severity. This may eventually enable the development of better preventive management strategies in severe asthma.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2202474
Number of pages13
JournalThe European respiratory journal
Volume62
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2023
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Publication forum classification

  • Publication forum level 3

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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