Simultaneous Identification of Multiple Control Loops in DC Microgrid Power Converters

Aram Khodamoradi, Guangyuan Liu, Paolo Mattavelli, Tuomas Messo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Power electronic converters used in a dc microgrid environment are usually equipped with several control loops. When many converters are connected to a common dc bus, the performance of some loops can be different from the behavior designed for the stand-alone converter, depending on the number, topology, and control of the interconnected converters. In order to establish the performance of each loop in real-time, it is important to continuously monitor the loop gains. This article presents the application of an online identification technique in rapid and simultaneous measurement of several control loops in dc microgrid power converters. To this end, multiple orthogonal pseudorandom binary sequences (PRBSs) are simultaneously injected into different loops of power converters. Since the frequency components excited by each PRBS are unique and different from any other, multiple PRBSs can be injected at the same time. This will allow to measure all the loop gains in only one measurement cycle. Hence, the operating condition of the system is kept unchanged during the measurement, which is an important factor to achieve accurate monitoring. The online identification method is applied to an experimental dc microgrid prototype, composed of three droop-controlled converters. After identifying different control loops, an adaptive tuning algorithm is implemented to adjust the digital compensator of each loop, in order to reach the desired dynamic performance. The reported experimental results confirm the accuracy and the applicability of this technique.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10641-10651
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2020
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • DC microgrids
  • loop gain measurement
  • online monitoring
  • system identification

Publication forum classification

  • Publication forum level 3

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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