Design and optimization of lensless phase-retrieval optical system with phase modulation of free-space propagation wavefront is proposed for subpixel imaging to achieve super-resolution reconstruction. Contrary to the traditional super-resolution phase-retrieval, the method in this paper requires a single observation only and uses the advanced Super-Resolution Sparse Phase Amplitude Retrieval (SR-SPAR) iterative technique which contains optimized sparsity based filters and multi-scale filters. The successful object imaging relies on modulation of the object wavefront with a random phase-mask, which generates coded diffracted intensity pattern, allowing us to extract subpixel information. The system’s noise-robustness was investigated and verified. The super-resolution phase-imaging is demonstrated by simulations and physical experiments. The simulations included high quality reconstructions with super-resolution factor of 5, and acceptable at factor up to 9. By physical experiments 3 µm details were resolved, which are 2.3 times smaller than the resolution following from the Nyquist-Shannon sampling theorem.
Publication forum classification
- Publication forum level 1
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics