Sliding wear behaviour of HVOF and HVAF sprayed Cr3C2-based coatings

V. Matikainen, G. Bolelli, H. Koivuluoto, P. Sassatelli, L. Lusvarghi, P. Vuoristo

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    108 Citations (Scopus)
    127 Downloads (Pure)


    Thermally sprayed tungsten carbide (WC) and chromium carbide (Cr3C2) based hard metal coatings are commonly applied on component surfaces as corrosion and wear resistant layers. Typically, WC-Co/Ni with optional Cr addition and Cr3C2-25NiCr powders are sprayed with high velocity oxy-fuel (HVOF) or high velocity air-fuel (HVAF) processes. Due to the poor oxidation resistance of the WC particles, Cr3C2-25NiCr composition is typically selected for high temperature environments, up to 800-900°C. In this study, two distinct Cr3C2-based compositions of Cr3C2-50NiCrMoNb and Cr3C2-37WC-18NiCoCr were selected as interesting alternatives to conventional Cr3C2-25NiCr. Sliding wear behavior of the coatings sprayed with HVOF and HVAF processes were tested with a ball-on-disk configuration against an Al2O3 ball at room temperature and at 700°C. It was found that both alternative materials had comparable coefficients of friction with the Cr3C2-25NiCr coatings. The Cr3C2-37WC-18NiCoCr coatings provided improved wear resistance at room temperature conditions, but at 700°C the wear rate was increased to the level of the Cr3C2-50NiCrMoNb coatings. Cr3C2-25NiCr coatings experienced the lowest wear rates at elevated temperatures, which was even lower than at room temperature.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)57-71
    Early online date6 Apr 2017
    Publication statusPublished - 2017
    Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    • CrC
    • HVAF
    • HVOF
    • Sliding wear
    • Thermal spray coatings

    Publication forum classification

    • Publication forum level 1

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Condensed Matter Physics
    • Mechanics of Materials
    • Surfaces and Interfaces
    • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
    • Materials Chemistry


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