Smart textile waste collection system – Dynamic route optimization with IoT

Antti Martikkala, Bening Mayanti, Petri Helo, Andrei Lobov, Iñigo Flores Ituarte

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

68 Downloads (Pure)


Increasing textile production is associated with an environmental burden which can be decreased with an improved recycling system by digitalization. The collection of textiles is done with so-called curbside bins. Sensor technologies support dynamic-informed decisions during route planning, helping predict waste accumulation in bins, which is often irregular and difficult to predict. Therefore, dynamic route-optimization decreases the costs of textile collection and its environmental load. The existing research on the optimization of waste collection is not based on real-world data and is not carried out in the context of textile waste. The lack of real-world data can be attributed to the limited availability of tools for long-term data collection. Consequently, a system for data collection with flexible, low-cost, and open-source tools is developed. The viability and reliability of such tools are tested in practice to collect real-world data. This research demonstrates how smart bins solution for textile waste collection can be linked to a dynamic route-optimization system to improve overall system performance. The developed Arduino-based low-cost sensors collected actual data in Finnish outdoor conditions for over twelve months. The viability of the smart waste collection system was complemented with a case study evaluating the collection cost of the conventional and dynamic scheme of discarded textiles. The results of this study show how a sensor-enhanced dynamic collection system reduced the cost 7.4% compared with the conventional one. We demonstrate a time efficiency of −7.3% and that a reduction of 10.2% in CO2 emissions is achievable only considering the presented case study.

Original languageEnglish
Article number117548
JournalJournal of Environmental Management
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2023
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Arduino
  • Circular economy
  • Internet of things
  • Route optimization
  • Smart bin
  • Textile waste collection

Publication forum classification

  • Publication forum level 2

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


Dive into the research topics of 'Smart textile waste collection system – Dynamic route optimization with IoT'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this