Social Anxiety Scale for Adolescents (SAS-A): measuring social anxiety among Finnish adolescents

Klaus Ranta, Niina Junttila, Eero Laakkonen, Anni Uhmavaara, Annette M. La Greca, Päivi M. Niemi

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    24 Citations (Scopus)


    Abstract The aim of this study was to investigate symptoms of social anxiety and the psychometric properties of the Social Anxiety Scale for Adolescents (SAS-A) among Finnish adolescents 13-16 years of age. Study 1 (n = 867) examined the distribution of SAS-A scores according to gender and age and the internal consistency and factor structure of the SAS-A. In a subsample (n = 563; Study 2) concurrent and discriminant validity of the SAS-A were examined relative to the Social Phobia Inventory and the Beck Depression Inventory. Test-retest stability was examined over a 30-month period by repeated measures every 6 months in another subsample (n = 377; Study 3). Results mostly revealed no gender differences in social anxiety except that boys reported more general social avoidance and distress than girls. Older adolescents (14-16-year-olds) reported higher social anxiety than younger adolescents (12-13-year-olds). Internal consistency for the SAS-A was acceptable for both genders and for all three SAS-A subscales. Confirmatory factor analysis replicated the original 18-item three-factor structure of the SAS-A accounting for 61% of the variance between items. Evidence for concurrent and discriminant validity was found. Test-retest stability over 6 months was satisfactory. Results support the reliability and validity of the Finnish adaptation of the SAS-A and further indicate that gender differences in adolescents' social anxiety may vary across Western countries.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)574-591
    Number of pages18
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - 2012
    Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    • Adolescents
    • Factor structure
    • Reliability
    • Social anxiety

    Publication forum classification

    • Publication forum level 1

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
    • Developmental and Educational Psychology
    • Psychiatry and Mental health


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