Statistical Trilateration with Skew-t Distributed Errors in LTE Networks

Philipp Müller, José Antonio del Peral-Rosado, Robert Piche, Gonzalo Seco-Granados

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    12 Citations (Scopus)
    177 Downloads (Pure)


    Localization accuracy of trilateration methods in Long Term Evolution (LTE) cellular networks, which are based on time-of-arrival (ToA), may be highly degraded due to multipath and non-line of sight (NLoS) conditions in urban and indoor environments. Multipath mitigation techniques usually involve a high computational burden and require wideband signals to be effective, which limit their adoption in certain low-cost and low-power mobile applications using narrow-band signals. As an alternative to these conventional techniques, this paper analyzes an Expectation Maximization (EM) localization algorithm that considers the skewness introduced by multipath in the LTE ranging error distribution. The EM algorithm is extensively studied with realistic emulated LTE signals of 1.4 MHz bandwidth. The EM method is compared to a standard Nonlinear Least Squares (NLS) algorithm under ideal simulated conditions and using realistic outdoor measurements from a laboratory testbed. The EM method outperforms the NLS method when the ranging errors in the training and test stages have similar distributions.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)7114-7127
    JournalIEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications
    Issue number10
    Publication statusPublished - 2016
    Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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