Stimulation waveform selection to suppress functional electrical stimulation artifact from surface EMG signals

Ville Rantanen, Antti Vehkaoja, Jarmo Verho

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

    1 Citation (Scopus)
    30 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    We present a simple method to suppress the artifact that functional electrical stimulation causes to surface electromyography signals. The method is based on selecting a high-frequency sinusoidal wavelet as the stimulation waveform to make the artifact frequencies easily removable from the measured signals, and combining it with simple filters in the hardware and as digital filters. Our theoretical computations demonstrate how the selected stimulus pulses attenuate significantly compared to commonly used square wave pulses already in a first-order low-pass filter used before the measurement amplifier. The experimental results with 8 participants show that the artifacts can be suppressed in our target application: facial pacing for unilateral facial paralysis. The method can be beneficial also for other neuroprosthetic applications that apply functional electrical stimulation in combination with electromyography measurements. More complex artifact suppression methods are unnecessary and the delays of the processing are caused only by the simple filters in the signal processing chain.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationEMBEC and NBC 2017 - Joint Conference of the European Medical and Biological Engineering Conference EMBEC 2017 and the Nordic-Baltic Conference on Biomedical Engineering and Medical Physics, NBC 2017
    PublisherSpringer Verlag
    Pages422-425
    Number of pages4
    ISBN (Print)9789811051210
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2018
    Publication typeA4 Article in conference proceedings
    EventJoint Conference of the European Medical and Biological Engineering Conference (EMBEC) and the Nordic-Baltic Conference on Biomedical Engineering and Medical Physics (NBC) -
    Duration: 1 Jan 1900 → …

    Publication series

    NameIFMBE Proceedings
    Volume65
    ISSN (Print)1680-0737

    Conference

    ConferenceJoint Conference of the European Medical and Biological Engineering Conference (EMBEC) and the Nordic-Baltic Conference on Biomedical Engineering and Medical Physics (NBC)
    Period1/01/00 → …

    Keywords

    • Electromyography
    • Filtering
    • Functional electrical stimulation
    • Stimulation artifact

    Publication forum classification

    • Publication forum level 1

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Biomedical Engineering
    • Bioengineering

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