Stress Proteins and Heat Shock Proteins: Role in Muscle Building and Sports Nutrition

Mika Venojärvi, Niku Oksala, Susanna Kinnunen, Mustafa Atalay

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The heat shock proteins (HSPs) are a family of proteins contributing to cellular protection, protein homeostasis and cell survival against a variety of environmental and metabolic stresses. HSPs, originally identified as heat-inducible gene products, facilitate cell proliferation and regeneration, protect against tissue injury, repair damaged proteins, assist in protein refolding, protect proteins against aggregation and maintain overall integrity of cellular components. A continuous interplay between mechanisms that drive protein synthesis and those that boost protein degradation is an important regulating factor of skeletal muscle mass, where HSPs may play an important role. Both acute and chronic exercise induce HSP expression. As a physiological tool, physical exercise can be considered the safest strategy to enhance skeletal muscle HSP levels. Studies on the modulation of skeletal muscle HSP levels using antioxidant and dietary supplementation strategies gave contradictory results, and this line of research deserves greater effort.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationNutrition and Enhanced Sports Performance: Muscle Building, Endurance, and Strength
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages229-235
Number of pages7
ISBN (Print)978-0-12-396454-0
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Publication typeA3 Part of a book or another research book

Keywords

  • Antioxidant
  • Exercise
  • Heat shock proteins
  • Muscle building
  • Stress proteins

Publication forum classification

  • No publication forum level

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