Structural Insight into CVB3-VLP Non-Adjuvanted Vaccine

Minna M. Hankaniemi, Mo A. Baikoghli, Virginia M. Stone, Li Xing, Outi Väätäinen, Saana Soppela, Amirbabak Sioofy-Khojine, Niila V.V. Saarinen, Tingwei Ou, Brandon Anson, Heikki Hyöty, Varpu Marjomäki, Malin Flodström-Tullberg, R. Holland Cheng, Vesa P. Hytönen, Olli H. Laitinen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)
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Coxsackievirus B (CVB) enteroviruses are common pathogens that can cause acute and chronic myocarditis, dilated cardiomyopathy, aseptic meningitis, and they are hypothesized to be a causal factor in type 1 diabetes. The licensed enterovirus vaccines and those currently in clinical development are traditional inactivated or live attenuated vaccines. Even though these vaccines work well in the prevention of enterovirus diseases, new vaccine technologies, like virus-like particles (VLPs), can offer important advantages in the manufacturing and epitope engineering. We have previously produced VLPs for CVB3 and CVB1 in insect cells. Here, we describe the production of CVB3-VLPs with enhanced production yield and purity using an improved purification method consisting of tangential flow filtration and ion exchange chromatography, which is compatible with industrial scale production. We also resolved the CVB3-VLP structure by Cryo-Electron Microscopy imaging and single particle reconstruction. The VLP diameter is 30.9 nm on average, and it is similar to Coxsackievirus A VLPs and the expanded enterovirus cell-entry intermediate (the 135s particle), which is ~2 nm larger than the mature virion. High neutralizing and total IgG antibody levels, the latter being a predominantly Th2 type (IgG1) phenotype, were detected in C57BL/6J mice immunized with non-adjuvanted CVB3-VLP vaccine. The structural and immunogenic data presented here indicate the potential of this improved methodology to produce highly immunogenic enterovirus VLP-vaccines in the future.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1287
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2020
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Coxsackievirus B (CVB)
  • Vaccine
  • Virus-like particle (VLP)

Publication forum classification

  • Publication forum level 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Virology


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