Suggestions for takt production subcontract clauses – a conceptual study

Kimmo Keskiniva, Arto Saari, Juha Matti Junnonen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Purpose: This study aims to provide a foundation for the development of subcontracts that suit takt production in construction. Design/methodology/approach: This is a non-empiric conceptual study, which integrates takt production and general construction literature into new proposals for subcontract clauses suitable for takt production in construction. This study uses literature reviews, from which proposals regarding takt production viable subcontract clauses are conducted via logical reasoning. Findings: A total of 13 proposals for takt production applicable subcontracts are provided in this study. The proposals emphasize detailed and collaborative planning, suitable payment methods and flexibility for takt plan modification. Originality/value: Previous takt literature has not properly addressed the development of subcontracts for takt production, despite regular attempts to use subcontracting in takt production. This study aims to aid main contractors to create fair and suitable subcontracts, so that adhering to takt schedules could be more viable in practice. This study also acts as a foundation for further empirical studies regarding the subject.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)425-442
Number of pages18
JournalConstruction Innovation
Issue number2
Early online date18 Feb 2022
Publication statusPublished - 2023
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Lean
  • Lean construction
  • Subcontract
  • Subcontracting
  • Takt production

Publication forum classification

  • Publication forum level 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • General Computer Science
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Architecture
  • Building and Construction


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