Surface layer characterization of shot peened gear specimens

Suvi Santa-aho, Aki Sorsa, Jukka Wartiainen, Per Lundin, Lasse Suominen, Tuomas Jokiaho, Mari Honkanen, Kauko Leiviskä, Minnamari Vippola

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    The production of gear components includes numerous manufacturing
    operations, which are carried out to ensure proper surface characteristics.
    Shot peening is one of the surface finishing processes used for transmission
    components like gears to improve their fatigue behavior. Shot peening increases
    the compressive residual stresses on the surface, and the procedure also reduces
    the amount of retained austenite in the surface layer. In addition, shot peening
    has an influence on other mechanical properties, such as surface roughness and
    surface hardness. An experimental design was conducted with varying shot
    peening process parameters, like coverage density and intensity, to alter the
    surface layer of 13 transmission gear specimens. The correlation between shot
    peening parameters, Barkhausen noise (BN) features, and X-ray diffraction
    residual stress measurement was studied. Linear correlation was found between
    residual stress and shot peening parameters. The relationship between residual
    stress and BN root-mean-square was not evident but was revealed by taking the
    ratio of BN measurements at different frequencies. Additionally, BN features, such as peak position, coercivity, and integral area, were found to have a linear trend with the intensity. Along with the aforementioned measurements, other material characterization measurements were also taken. The shot peening coverage density was observed to have a linear relationship with surface roughness values, while an intensity of over 0.6 mm A was noticed to affect the surface hardness. The results obtained can be used in the determination of suitable shot peening parameters to achieve a surface with desired residual stress and other surface properties.
    Original languageEnglish
    Number of pages20
    JournalMaterials Performance and Characterization
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - Jun 2018
    Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    • shot peening
    • Barkhausen noise
    • X-ray diffraction
    • Material characterization

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    • Publication forum level 1


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