Sustainability of bioenergy in finland and globally – fact check

Esa Vakkilainen, Jukka Konttinen, Varpu Orasuo, Pami Aalto

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review


The sustainability of bioenergy has attracted recently a lot of debate and there has been critical arguments for and against the use of bioenergy. This presentation examines six international publications dealing with the use of bioenergy and collects systematically the allegations of bioenergy, as well as arguments for defending and restricting bioenergy use in the publications. Some of the most controversial arguments are analyzed more thoroughly and they are subjected to fact checking by comparing arguments with sources in scientific literature. At the same time, the preconditions, restrictions, and assumptions that can be used to modify the claims to favor desired arguments are identified. The study finds that there are several problems that can be criticized towards the arguments. Arguments can be justified, among others, by looking at the situation over different time periods or by emphasizing the maximization of short-term or long-term climate benefits. Different values can be selected from initial data, whereupon their own argument can be confirmed.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication27th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition, EUBCE 2019
Number of pages2
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Publication typeA4 Article in conference proceedings
EventEuropean Biomass Conference and Exhibition - Lisbon, Portugal
Duration: 27 May 201930 May 2019

Publication series

NameEuropean Biomass Conference and Exhibition Proceedings
ISSN (Print)2282-5819


ConferenceEuropean Biomass Conference and Exhibition


  • Bioenergy
  • Carbon neutrality
  • Carbon sinks
  • Climate change
  • Fact check
  • Forest Biomass
  • Sustainability

Publication forum classification

  • No publication forum level

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Forestry
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Waste Management and Disposal


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