Systematic manufacturability evaluation using dimensionless metrics and singular value decomposition: a case study for additive manufacturing

Eric Coatanéa, Hari P.N. Nagarajan, Suraj Panicker, Romaric Prod’hon, Hossein Mokhtarian, Ananda Chakraborti, Henri Paris, Iñigo Flores Ituarte, Karl R. Haapala

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Additive manufacturing has been presented as a novel and competitive method to achieve unprecedented part shapes and material complexities. Though this holds true in niche markets, the economic viability of additive manufacturing for large-scale industrial production is still in question. Companies often struggle to justify their investment in additive manufacturing due to challenges in the integration of such technologies into mainstream production. First, most additive technologies exhibit a relatively low production rate when compared with traditional production processes. Second, there is a lack of robust design for additive manufacturing methods and tools that enable the leveraging of the attendant unique capabilities, including the ability to form organic part geometries and automated part consolidations. Third, there is a dearth of systematic part screening methods to evaluate manufacturability in additive manufacturing. To tackle the challenge of manufacturability evaluation, the present work proposes a novel approach derived from latent semantic analysis and dimensional analysis to evaluate parts and their production for a variety of selected metrics. The selected metrics serve as descriptors of design features and manufacturing functions, which are developed using functional modeling and dimensional analysis theory. Singular-value decomposition and Euclidean distance measurement techniques are used to determine the relative manufacturability for a set of parts for a specified manufacturing process technology. The utility of the method is demonstrated for laser powder bed fusion technology. While demonstrated for additive manufacturing here, the developed approach can be expanded for any given set of manufacturing processes. Expansion of this systemic manufacturability analysis method can support part design decision-making, process selection, and design and manufacturing optimization.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)715–731
Number of pages17
JournalInternational Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology
Issue number3
Early online date2020
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Additive manufacturing
  • Latent semantic analysis
  • Machine learning
  • Manufacturing process selection
  • Part consolidation

Publication forum classification

  • Publication forum level 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Software
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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