Tailoring of the physical and mechanical properties of biocompatible graphene oxide/gelatin composite nanolaminates: Via altering the crystal structure and morphology

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Abstract

Despite substantial progress being made relating to 2D-nanofiller-based composite nanolaminates, the fabrication of composite nanolaminates with enhanced ductility and toughness is still challenging. In this study, layered structure graphene oxide (GO)/gelatin powder (GP) composites nanolaminates with enhanced ductility and toughness have been achieved by a simple vacuum filtration of aqueous dispersion of GO/GP composite solution containing 5 wt% of GO. The composite film containing 5 wt% GO shows outstanding improvement of 200% in the stress at break value, with simultaneous enhancement of 52% of the strain at break value compared to GP film. A significant improvement in toughness from 2.2 MJ m-3 to 9.5 MJ m-3 is observed in the composite film containing 5 wt% GO. These significant enhancements of the mechanical properties of the composite film are obtained via the formation of an intercalated nanolaminate structure, H-bonding interactions, and the tailoring of the crystal structure of GP in the composite film, as proved via field-emission scanning electron microscopy, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, and wide-angle X-ray diffraction studies. The growing of fibroblast cells on the composite films signifies that they are not cytotoxic. These GO/GP composites with significant mechanical properties and biocompatibility are very promising for various biomedical applications. This journal is

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4781-4791
Number of pages11
JournalMaterials Advances
Volume2
Issue number14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Publication forum classification

  • Publication forum level 0

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)

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