Background/aims To analyse long-term outcomes of antivascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) therapy for the treatment of neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD) using pro re nata (PRN) regimen in a single-centre clinical practice. Methods All patients receiving intravitreal injection (IVI) for nAMD between 1 January 2008 and 31 December 2020 were searched from electronic medical records. All 3844 treatment-naïve eyes of 3008 patients were included with a total of 50 146 IVIs (87% bevacizumab) administered. Main outcome measures were mean change in visual acuity (VA) from baseline, proportion of eyes within 15 letters of baseline, proportion of eyes with VA ≥20/40 Snellen and ≤20/200 Snellen, number of annual visits and number of annual IVIs. Results The mean baseline VA was 55 Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study (ETDRS) letters and the mean change in VA from baseline was +2, +2, ±0, -2, -2 and -4 ETDRS letters at year 1, 2, 3, 5, 7 and 10, respectively. Proportions of eyes within 15 letters of baseline were 88%, 87%, 82%, 80%, 76% and 72% at the end of years 1, 2, 3, 5, 7 and 10, respectively. The median number of annual IVI was 6 at years 1-7 and 5 at year 10. The median number of annual total visits was 10 at year 1, 9 at years 2-7 and 8 at year 10, respectively. Conclusions VA was maintained short-term and long-term with anti-VEGF therapy using PRN treatment regimen.
|Journal||BMJ Open Ophthalmology|
|Publication status||Published - 2023|
|Publication type||A1 Journal article-refereed|
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