Textile-Based Batteryless Moisture Sensor

Xiaochen Chen, Han He, Zahangir Khan, Lauri Sydanheimo, Leena Ukkonen, Johanna Virkki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)
136 Downloads (Pure)


In this paper, we established a new type of passive Ultra-High-Frequency (UHF) Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technology-based sensor with a referenced readout for moisture. We introduced the sensor system, which consisted of a sensor tag and a reference tag. In a highly moist environment, the sensor tag, which was fabricated by embroidery and 3D printing, permanently changed its shape from flat to curved, which then influenced its wireless performance. By recording the backscattered powers of the sensor tag and the unaffected reference tag, the presence of moisture could be detected. Based on our preliminary results, when the mean value of $Delta$P% was higher than 80%, the sensor system indicated exposure to high moisture environment. Our moisture sensing system can provide cost-effective zero-energy monitoring of moisture exposure for versatile application fields.
Original languageEnglish
JournalIEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 6 Dec 2019
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Antennas
  • Radiofrequency identification
  • Moisture
  • Antenna measurements
  • Wireless sensor networks
  • Wireless communication
  • passive UHF RFID technology
  • moisture sensor
  • wireless sensor
  • 3D printing
  • embroidery
  • zero-energy

Publication forum classification

  • Publication forum level 2


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