The Effect of Phosphorus Exposure on Diesel Oxidation Catalysts-Part II: Characterization of Structural Changes by Transmission Electron Microscopy

Mari Honkanen, Marja Kärkkäinen, Olli Heikkinen, Kauko Kallinen, Tanja Kolli, Mika Huuhtanen, Jouko Lahtinen, Riitta L. Keiski, Toivo Lepistö, Minnamari Vippola

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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    58 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    Phosphorus poisoning and its effect on the diesel oxidation catalysts morphology was studied by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The studied catalyst samples were PtPd or Pt supported on the alumina-based washcoat including additives. The laboratory-scale phosphorus exposures were carried out with two different phosphorus concentrations. The cross-sectional TEM samples were prepared from the fresh and phosphorus-treated catalysts. After phosphorus exposures, significant structural changes were observed compared to the fresh catalysts. The shape of the noble metal particles had changed from irregular to more spherical-shaped particles. In addition, phosphorus was detected throughout the catalyst TEM samples but the amount varied depending on the local composition of the support. Phosphorus accumulated mainly in the alumina-containing areas of the support and indications of dense and amorphous aluminium phosphates were found. Based on the results gained, cross-sectional TEM characterization is essential to observe these kinds of morphological changes in the catalysts caused e.g. by phosphorus exposures. In addition, cross-sectional TEM samples are needed to study the effect of local variation in the support composition on the phosphorus accumulation.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)971-976
    Number of pages6
    JournalTopics in Catalysis
    Volume58
    Issue number14
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Oct 2015
    Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Keywords

    • Diesel oxidation catalyst
    • Phosphorus poisoning
    • Structural characterization
    • Transmission electron microscopy
    • 3-WAY CATALYST
    • DEACTIVATION
    • MECHANISMS
    • EXHAUST
    • IMPACT

    Publication forum classification

    • Publication forum level 1

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