The effect of teaching methods in palliative care education for undergraduate nursing and medical students: a systematic review

Minna Hökkä, Mira Rajala, Pirjo Kaakinen, Juho T. Lehto, Hanna Mari Pesonen

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview Articlepeer-review

    Abstract

    Background: Palliative care should be seen as a human right and integrated into the healthcare system. Adequate palliative care education is seen as a facilitator to develop the integration of palliative care. Aims: To synthesise evidence of the effect of different teaching methods used in palliative care education to students' competences, knowledge, attitude or skills. Methods: Systematic review. A total of four databases (CINAHL, Eric, PubMed and Scopus) were searched, after which, 16 articles were identified. Findings: Simulations, lectures, films and a humanistic approach all had a positive effect on students' attitudes to care for a dying person. Problem-based learning, simulations and elective courses increased students' knowledge of palliative care. Game interventions in education decreased students' fear of death, while communication with dying patients and relatives became easier. Conclusions: Education interventions had positive effects on students' attitudes and knowledge. However, there is a need for future research into effective palliative care interventions using randomised designs and research about the effects of blended learning.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)245-253
    Number of pages9
    JournalInternational journal of palliative nursing
    Volume28
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jun 2022
    Publication typeA2 Review article in a scientific journal

    Keywords

    • education
    • medicine
    • palliative care
    • systematic review
    • teaching methods

    Publication forum classification

    • Publication forum level 1

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Advanced and Specialised Nursing

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