The Effects of an Infant Calming Intervention on Mothers' Parenting Self-Efficacy and Satisfaction During the Postpartum Period: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Elina Botha, Mika Helminen, Marja Kaunonen, Welma Lubbe, Katja Joronen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of a behavioral infant calming technique to support mothers' parenting self-efficacy and parenting satisfaction. The methods of this randomized controlled trial are based on the CONSORT guidelines. Data were collected during March 1 to May 20, 2019, from 3 postpartum units in 1 university-level hospital in Finland. A total of 250 mothers agreed to participate, of which 120 were randomly allocated to the intervention group and 130 to the control group. All mothers completed a baseline questionnaire before randomization. Mothers in the intervention group were taught the 5 S's infant calming technique. The control group received standard care. Follow-up data were collected 6 to 8 weeks postpartum. The primary outcome measure was the change in parenting self-efficacy and parenting satisfaction scores over the follow-up period. The intervention group showed significantly larger improvements in parenting self-efficacy scores. There were no statistically significant differences in median improvements in parenting satisfaction. The 5 S's infant calming technique is feasible. These study findings may assist midwifery and neonatal nursing staff to support mothers and families during the postpartum period, whether the infants are fussy or not.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)300-310
Number of pages11
JournalJOURNAL OF PERINATAL AND NEONATAL NURSING
Volume34
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Publication forum classification

  • Publication forum level 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics
  • Critical Care
  • Maternity and Midwifery

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