CombAT (Combination of Avodart and Tamsulosin) was a randomised, double-blind study in men (n4844) aged 50 years with a clinical diagnosis of BPH. Patients were randomised to daily tamsulosin 0.4 mg, dutasteride 0.5 mg or both for 4 years. The primary endpoint was time to acute urinary retention (AUR) or BPH-related surgery. Secondary endpoints included BPH clinical progression, symptoms and maximum urinary flow rate. A post hoc analysis of data from the European subgroup was conducted. A total of 2925 men were randomised to treatment in Europe as part of CombAT (tamsulosin, n=972: dutasteride, n=970: combination, n=983). Combination therapy significantly reduced the relative risk of AUR or BPH-related surgery compared with either monotherapy at 4 years, and also significantly reduced the risk of BPH clinical progression. Combination therapy also provided significantly greater symptom improvement than either monotherapy at 4 years. Safety and tolerability of dutasteride plus tamsulosin was consistent with previous experience of this combination and with the monotherapies. These data provide further evidence to support the use of long-term combination therapy (dutasteride plus tamsulosin) in men with moderate-to-severe lower urinary tract symptoms because of BPH and prostatic enlargement. The results in the European subgroup are generally consistent with those in the overall study population.
- combination therapy
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