The non-traditional and familial risk factors for preeclampsia in the FINNPEC cohort

Noora Jaatinen, Tiina Jääskeläinen, FINNPEC, Hannele Laivuori, Eeva Ekholm

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: Considering the burden of preeclampsia (PE), it is important to understand better the underlying risk factors involved in its etiology. We studied the association of background factors with PE with an emphasis on socioeconomic factors, reproductive factors and health history enclosing the parents of pregnant women. Study design: The Finnish Genetics of Pre-eclampsia Consortium (FINNPEC) cohort participants filled in a questionnaire on background information. The questionnaire data was available from 708 women with PE and 724 control women. Two different control groups, healthy controls with uncomplicated pregnancies (n = 498) and all controls (n = 724, including controls with uncomplicated pregnancies and pregnancy complications other than PE), were established. Results: PE women had similar socioeconomic status and more often non-communicable diseases including type 1 diabetes, chronic hypertension and hyperlipidemia than the two control groups (p < 0.05 for all). Depression and subfertility were more common among PE women and they had earlier menarche (p < 0.05 for all). Hypertension was more common in both parents of PE women, stroke in fathers and diabetes in mothers (p < 0.05 for all). Mental disorders including depression were more common in mothers of PE women compared to controls (PE women 7.2%, healthy controls 3.7% (p = 0.013) and all controls 3.9% (p = 0.007)). Conclusions: In the FINNPEC cohort, PE women had similar socioeconomic status, more non-communicable diseases and depression, earlier menarche, more subfertility and more parental non-communicable diseases compared to controls. As a novel finding we found more mental disorders including depression in mothers of PE women.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)48-55
JournalPregnancy Hypertension
Volume23
Early online date12 Nov 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • Preeclampsia
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy complication
  • Reproduction
  • Risk factor

Publication forum classification

  • Publication forum level 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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