The physicochemical and catalytic properties of clay extrudates in cyclization of citronellal

Zuzana Vajglová, Irina L. Simakova, Kari Eränen, Päivi Mäki-Arvela, Narendra Kumar, Markus Peurla, Stiina Tolvanen, Alexander Efimov, Leena Hupa, Jouko Peltonen, Dmitry Yu Murzin

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Four clay materials, namely, bentonite, bleaching earth, attapulgite and sepiolite, were shaped into the cylindrical body by extrusion. Clays were characterized in depth by TEM, SEM-EDX, N2 physisorption, pyridine FTIR, pH measurements, contact angle measurements, 27Al MAS NMR, and the crush test. Catalytic properties were investigated in the citronellal cyclization as a model reaction. The reaction was performed in the trickle-bed reactor at 70 °C, 10 bar of Ar with 0.086 M initial citronellal concentration in cyclohexane. The best results were obtained over attapulgite with isopulegols yield of 24% and stereoselectivity to the desired isopulegol isomer of 61%. Attapulgite had the highest meso-to-micropore volume ratio, the highest basicity, a low Brønsted-to-Lewis acid sites ratio, and the lowest amount of Brønsted acid sites compared to other extrudates. In addition, same clay exhibited the highest mechanical strength of extrudates.

Original languageEnglish
Article number118426
Number of pages11
JournalApplied Catalysis A: General
Early online date9 Nov 2021
Publication statusPublished - 2022
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Attapulgite
  • Bentonite
  • Citronellal cyclization
  • Clay
  • Extrudates
  • Palygorskite
  • Sepiolite

Publication forum classification

  • Publication forum level 2

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Process Chemistry and Technology


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