The Taylor–Quinney coefficients and strain hardening of commercially pure titanium, iron, copper, and tin in high rate compression

G.C. Soares, M. Hokka

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Abstract

This work presents an investigation on the effects of adiabatic heating and strain rate on the dynamic compressive response of titanium, iron, copper, and tin. The high strain rate tests were carried out with a Split Hopkinson Pressure Bar (SHPB) and the low strain rate tests with a servohydraulic testing machine. The temperature increase of the specimens during deformation was measured with high speed infrared thermography (IRT). The results show that all the investigated materials have positive strain rate sensitivity and temperature increases of up to 65 °C were observed in the high strain rate experiments (500–3100 s−1). Adiabatic heating in all investigated materials increased with strain rate. The temperature increase at the strain rate of 1 s−1 clearly diminished the strain hardening rate of iron and titanium but was seemingly insufficient to impact the mechanical behavior of copper and tin. The Taylor–Quinney coefficients (βint and βdiff) were found to be strain and strain rate dependent. At higher strain rates (1200–3100 s−1), the integral βint was smaller in the beginning of the test (0.2 to 0.7) and increased to approximately 0.8–0.9 at larger plastic strains. The differential βdiff comprised gaussian curves as a function of strain whose maximum values were from 0.9 to 1.2 for the investigated materials. Tin had lower βint and βdiff with higher strain hardening rates, while copper had a higher βint and βdiff with a low strain hardening rate throughout the high strain rate tests. These results indicate that copper had a more stable microstructure during deformation and converted most of the applied plastic work into heat, while tin had a faster evolving microstructure which stored more plastic work in its microstructure during plastic deformation. Furthermore, this suggests that βint and βdiff can be used as parameters to investigate the stability and the microstructural evolution of materials under high strain rate plastic deformation. βdiff is more appropriate to describe the instantaneous thermomechanical behavior of a material and βint is more appropriate for applications which benefit from a single parameter to characterize how efficiently a material converts plastic work into heat up to a given strain level.
Original languageEnglish
Article number103940
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Impact Engineering
Volume156
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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