'There and Back Again?' On the Influence of Software Community Dispersion Over Productivity

Stefano Lambiase, Gemma Catolino, Fabiano Pecorelli, Damian A. Tamburri, Fabio Palomba, Willem Jan Van Den Heuvel, Filomena Ferrucci

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review


Estimating and understanding productivity still represents a crucial task for researchers and practitioners. Researchers spent significant effort identifying the factors that influence software developers' productivity, providing several approaches for analyzing and predicting such a metric. Although different works focused on evaluating the impact of human factors on productivity, little is known about the influence of cultural/geographical diversity in software development communities. Indeed, in previous studies, researchers treated cultural aspects like an abstract concept without providing a quantitative representation. This work provides an empirical assessment of the relationship between cultural and geographical dispersion of a development community - namely, how diverse a community is in terms of cultural attitudes and geographical collocation of the members who belong to it - and its productivity. To reach our aim, we built a statistical model that contained product and socio-technical factors as independent variables to assess the correlation with productivity, i.e., the number of commits performed in a given time. Then, we ran our model considering data of 25 open-source communities on GitHub. Results of our study indicate that cultural and geographical dispersion impact productivity, thus encouraging managers and practitioners to consider such aspects during all the phases of the software development lifecycle.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings - 48th Euromicro Conference on Software Engineering and Advanced Applications, SEAA 2022
EditorsGustavo M. Callico, Regina Hebig, Andreas Wortmann
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-6654-6152-8
Publication statusPublished - 2022
Publication typeA4 Article in conference proceedings
EventEuromicro conference on software engineering and advanced applications - Gran Canaria, Spain
Duration: 31 Aug 20222 Sept 2022


ConferenceEuromicro conference on software engineering and advanced applications


  • Cultural Dispersion
  • Empirical Studies
  • Geographical Dispersion
  • Global Software Engineering
  • Productivity
  • Software Organizational Structures

Publication forum classification

  • Publication forum level 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Software
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality


Dive into the research topics of ''There and Back Again?' On the Influence of Software Community Dispersion Over Productivity'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this