Thermal Control of Plasmonic Surface Lattice Resonances

Jussi Kelavuori, Viatcheslav Vanyukov, Timo Stolt, Petri Karvinen, Heikki Rekola, Tommi K. Hakala, Mikko J. Huttunen

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Plasmonic metasurfaces exhibiting collective responses known as surface lattice resonances (SLRs) show potential for realizing flat photonic components for wavelength-selective processes, including lasing and optical nonlinearities. However, postfabrication tuning of SLRs remains challenging, limiting the applicability of SLR-based components. Here, we demonstrate how the properties of high quality factor SLRs are easily modified by breaking the symmetry of the nanoparticle surroundings. We break the symmetry by changing the refractive index of the overlying immersion oil by controlling the ambient temperature of the device. We show that a modest temperature change of 10 °C can increase the quality factor of the SLR from 400 to 750. Our results demonstrate accurate and reversible modification of the properties of the investigated SLRs, paving the way toward tunable SLR-based photonic devices. More generally, we show how symmetry breaking of the environment can be utilized for efficient and potentially ultrafast modification of the SLR properties.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3879-3883
Number of pages5
JournalNano Letters
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 4 May 2022
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • metamaterials
  • plasmonics
  • surface lattice resonance

Publication forum classification

  • Publication forum level 3

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering


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