Toward Graphene-Based Passive UHF RFID Textile Tags: A Reliability Study

M. Akbari, J. Virkki, L. Sydänheimo, L. Ukkonen

    Research output: Contribution to journalLetterScientificpeer-review

    29 Citations (Scopus)


    This paper discusses the fabrication, wireless performance, and reliability of graphene-based passive ultrahigh-frequency radio-frequency identification (RFID) tags on a fabric substrate. The conductive ink comprising functionalized graphene nanoplatelets is deposited directly on a cotton fabric substrate to fabricate the tag antennas. After attaching the chips, the tag performance is evaluated through wireless tag measurements before and after high-humidity conditions, bending, and stretching. Initially, the peak read range of the tag is about 1.6 m, which increases to 3.2 m in 100% humidity conditions. Additionally, after drying, the performance of the tag returns back to normal. In a bending test, the read range of a bent tag decreases below 1 m. Furthermore, the read range of the tag in a nonbended state gradually decreases and is about 1.1 m after 100 bending cycles. According to our measurements, stretching has a serious detrimental effect on these tags and they cannot be considered stretchable. However, these initial results show that this low-cost and eco-friendly graphene RFID tag has a remarkable and unique response to moisture and high reliability in harsh bending conditions. Overall, it also has a strong potential to be used in future wearable sensor applications.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)429-431
    Number of pages3
    JournalIEEE Transactions on Device and Materials Reliability
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2016
    Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    • Bending
    • graphene
    • humidity
    • radio-frequency identification (RFID)
    • reliability
    • stretching
    • wearable antennas

    Publication forum classification

    • Publication forum level 1

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
    • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
    • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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