Toxicogenomic Profiling of 28 Nanomaterials in Mouse Airways

Pia A.S. Kinaret, Joseph Ndika, Marit Ilves, Henrik Wolff, Gerard Vales, Hannu Norppa, Kai Savolainen, Tiina Skoog, Juha Kere, Sergio Moya, Richard D. Handy, Piia Karisola, Bengt Fadeel, Dario Greco, Harri Alenius

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
4 Downloads (Pure)


Toxicogenomics opens novel opportunities for hazard assessment by utilizing computational methods to map molecular events and biological processes. In this study, the transcriptomic and immunopathological changes associated with airway exposure to a total of 28 engineered nanomaterials (ENM) are investigated. The ENM are selected to have different core (Ag, Au, TiO2, CuO, nanodiamond, and multiwalled carbon nanotubes) and surface chemistries (COOH, NH2, or polyethylene glycosylation (PEG)). Additionally, ENM with variations in either size (Au) or shape (TiO2) are included. Mice are exposed to 10 µg of ENM by oropharyngeal aspiration for 4 consecutive days, followed by extensive histological/cytological analyses and transcriptomic characterization of lung tissue. The results demonstrate that transcriptomic alterations are correlated with the inflammatory cell infiltrate in the lungs. Surface modification has varying effects on the airways with amination rendering the strongest inflammatory response, while PEGylation suppresses toxicity. However, toxicological responses are also dependent on ENM core chemistry. In addition to ENM-specific transcriptional changes, a subset of 50 shared differentially expressed genes is also highlighted that cluster these ENM according to their toxicity. This study provides the largest in vivo data set currently available and as such provides valuable information to be utilized in developing predictive models for ENM toxicity.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2004588
JournalAdvanced science
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • airway exposure
  • immunotoxicity
  • nanomaterials
  • nanoparticles
  • nanotoxicology
  • toxicogenomics
  • transcriptomics

Publication forum classification

  • Publication forum level 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (miscellaneous)
  • Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Toxicogenomic Profiling of 28 Nanomaterials in Mouse Airways'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this