Triplet-triplet annihilation photon-upconversion in hydrophilic media with biorelevant cholesteryl triplet energy acceptors

Young Ju Yun, Jussi Isokuortti, Timo Laaksonen, Nikita Durandin, A. Jean Luc Ayitou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


We report two new biorelevant cholesteryl-based triplet energy acceptors, derivatives of DPA or 9,10-diphenylanthracene (C–DPA and C2–DPA). Using two different triplet sensitizers: QDN (ET ≈ 1.67 eV in PEG200) and PdTPP (ET ≈ 1.78 eV in PEG200), we were able to achieve both endothermic (with QDN) and exothermic (with PdTPP) triplet sensitization of DPA, C–DPA and C2–DPA in hydrophilic PEG200 media. While the maximum rate of triplet energy transfer (TET) was achieved with PdTPP and DPA (kTET = 4.7 × 107 M−1 s−1), for the cholesteryl-based acceptors, we found that the kinetic of the TET process was dependent upon the concentration of the acceptor. For PdTPP/C–DPA pair, the rate of the dynamic triplet energy quenching was kTET = 1.9 × 107 M−1 s−1; however, at higher concentrations of the quencher, the system reached a stationary state due to formation of self-assembled sub-domains of C–DPA that likely slowed the TET process. It was also found that this aggregation of C–DPA in PEG200 led to a 3.5 folds increase in the Ith compared to 133 mW cm2 for DPA. Subsequently, we estimated the ΦUC for these donor/acceptor pairs: QDN/DPA, PdTPP/DPA, and PdTPP/C–DPA. With respect to the estimated threshold intensity (Ith), we found that the quantum yields of TTA-UC were 2 ≤ QYUC≤12%.

Original languageEnglish
Article number113412
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • triplet fusion
  • upconversion
  • Biorelevant cholesteryl-based chromophores
  • Baird-type aromatic chromophores
  • Triplet energy transfer

Publication forum classification

  • Publication forum level 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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