Troponin T-release associates with cardiac radiation doses during adjuvant left-sided breast cancer radiotherapy

Tanja Skyttä, Suvi Tuohinen, Eeva Boman, Vesa Virtanen, Pekka Raatikainen, Pirkko Liisa Kellokumpu-Lehtinen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

59 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Adjuvant radiotherapy (RT) for left-sided breast cancer increases cardiac morbidity and mortality. For the heart, no safe radiation threshold has been established. Troponin T is a sensitive marker of myocardial damage. Our aim was to evaluate the effect of left-sided breast cancer RT on serum high sensitivity troponin T (hscTnT) levels and its association with cardiac radiation doses and echocardiographic parameters. Methods: A total of 58 patients with an early stage, left-sided breast cancer or ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) who received adjuvant breast RT without prior chemotherapy were included in this prospective, non-randomized study. Serum samples were taken before, during and after RT. An increase of hscTnT >30 % was predefined as significant. A comprehensive 2D echocardiograph and electrocardiogram (ECG) were performed before and after RT. Dose-volume histograms (DVHs) were generated for different cardiac structures. Results: The hscTnT increased during RT from baseline in 12/58 patients (21 %). Patients with increased hscTnT values (group A, N = 12) had significantly higher radiation doses for the whole heart (p = 0.02) and left ventricle (p = 0.03) than patients without hscTnT increase (group B, N = 46). For the left anterior descending artery (LAD), differences between groups A and B were found in volumes receiving 15 Gy (p = 0.03) and 20 Gy (p = 0.03) Furthermore, after RT, the interventricular septum thickened (p = 0.01), and the deceleration time was prolonged (p = 0.008) more in group A than in group B. Conclusions: The increase in hscTnT level during adjuvant RT was positively associated with the cardiac radiation doses for the whole heart and LV in chemotherapy-naive breast cancer patients. Whether these acute subclinical changes increase the risk of excessive long-term cardiovascular morbidity or mortality, will be addressed in the follow-up of our patients.

Original languageEnglish
Article number141
Pages (from-to)141
JournalRADIATION ONCOLOGY
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • Breast cancer
  • Cardiotoxicity
  • High sensitivity cardiac troponin T
  • Radiotherapy

Publication forum classification

  • Publication forum level 1

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