Tupakka, nuuska ja suun terveys

Translated title of the contribution: Tobacco, snuff and oral health

Anna Maria Heikkinen, Jukka H Meurman, Timo Sorsa

Research output: Contribution to journalReview Articlepeer-review


Smoking is estimated to cause 6.3 million deaths annually worldwide. The use of snuff, differing from smoking, has significantly increased especially among the adolescents. Snuff powder contains 20-fold more nicotine compared to cigarettes, leading to strong nicotine addiction. In addition to cancer development, both smoking and snuff use exert other risks for oral health. Compared with non-smokers, smokers are at a 10-fold risk for the development and progression of periodontal diseases. Snuff causes oral mucosal changes, gingival recessions and root surface caries. Smoking induces systemic low-grade inflammation, which weakens defensive immune responses in oral mucosa, gingiva, gingival crevicular fluid and saliva.

Translated title of the contributionTobacco, snuff and oral health
Original languageFinnish
Pages (from-to)1975-1980
Number of pages6
Issue number21
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes
Publication typeA2 Review article in a scientific journal


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