In contemporary hybrid communication environment, journalists are subjected to a wide range of new pressures and threats. This research demonstrates how external interference manifests and affects journalists in Finland, a Nordic country with high press freedom and strong safeguards for media autonomy. For this study, external interference is defined as all active and/or invasive methods external actors use to interfere in the journalistic process and/or influence journalists to shape editorial content. Based on applied thematic analysis of 31 semi-structured interviews with Finnish journalists and 4 interviews with organizational stakeholders, the article presents an empirically grounded typology of external interference and its countermeasures. Methods of interference are divided into six categories: 1) information-related 2) psychological 3) physical 4) institutional 5) economic and 6) telecommunicational interference. As the subject matter has seldom been studied in similar contexts, this research provides an important addition to global debates surrounding the challenges of journalistic autonomy in a transforming communication environment.
|Translated title of the contribution||External Interference and Its Countermeasures in Finnish Journalism|
|Number of pages||30|
|Journal||Media ja viestintä|
|Publication status||Published - 27 Sep 2020|
|Publication type||A1 Journal article-refereed|
Publication forum classification
- Publication forum level 2