Underground Over the Net: Three Cases of Underground Music in Finland in the Age of Platforms

Juho Kaitajärvi-Tiekso, Juho Hänninen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review


Underground music and its cognate, do-it-yourself music have faced a remarkable shift due to the development of information technology in the twenty-first century. This chapter focuses on the shift the emergence of online media has caused in underground music scenes. While the underground has been connected online, it has become more widely accessible for anyone, sparking the question whether it exists any more in the 2010s, where and in what form. The chapter aims to answer these questions by examining the discourse on social media, music platforms, and websites on three Finnish artists: Litku Klemetti, Jukka Nousiainen, and Henrik!.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMade in Finland
Subtitle of host publicationStudies in Popular Music
EditorsToni-Matti Karjalainen, Kimi Kärki
Place of PublicationNew York
Number of pages12
ISBN (Electronic)9780429277429
ISBN (Print)9780367228903, 9780367228910
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2020
Publication typeA3 Book chapter

Publication series

NameRoutledge Global Popular Music Series


  • platform
  • underground music
  • social media
  • Streaming media
  • Do-It-Yourself (DIY)
  • underground movements

Publication forum classification

  • Publication forum level 3


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