Underwater Optical Communication Module: An Extension to the ns-3 Network Simulator

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In the last decade, the field of wireless optical communication has gathered immense interest due to its adoption in growing bandwidth-hungry underwater applications. The expensive and non-standardized on-field research measurements call for a reliable simulation tool that allows researchers to realistically design and assess the performance of Underwater Optical Communication (UOC) systems before conducting actual underwater experiments. In this paper, we present a UOC module as an extension to the network simulator ns-3. The module can study the impact of different water conditions on underwater optical networks from the physical layer to the network layer. The proposed UOC module realizes physical layer models of the UOC channels where the added noise and interference effects are modeled as Additive White Gaussian Noise (AWGN). Results show the capability of our module to facilitate large underwater optical network design and optimization. Since ns-3 is an open-source software, the module has the flexibility and reusability to be further developed by the worldwide research community.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2022 IEEE 96th Vehicular Technology Conference, VTC 2022-Fall 2022 - Proceedings
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-6654-5468-1
Publication statusPublished - 2023
Publication typeA4 Article in conference proceedings
EventIEEE Vehicular Technology Conference - London, United Kingdom
Duration: 26 Sept 202229 Sept 2022

Publication series

NameIEEE Vehicular Technology Conference
ISSN (Print)1090-3038


ConferenceIEEE Vehicular Technology Conference
Country/TerritoryUnited Kingdom


  • Channel Models
  • Network Simulator
  • ns-3
  • Underwater Optical Communication

Publication forum classification

  • Publication forum level 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics


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