Universal correction for the Becke-Johnson exchange potential

E. Rasanen, S. Pittalis, C. R. Proetto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

52 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Becke-Johnson exchange potential [A. D. Becke and E. R. Johnson, J. Chem. Phys. 124, 221101 (2006)] has been successfully used in electronic structure calculations within density-functional theory. However, in its original form, the potential may dramatically fail in systems with non-Coulombic external potentials, or in the presence of external magnetic or electric fields. Here, we provide a system-independent correction to the Becke-Johnson approximation by (i) enforcing its gauge-invariance and (ii) making it exact for any single-electron system. The resulting approximation is then better designed to deal with current-carrying states and recovers the correct asymptotic behavior for systems with any number of electrons. Tests of the resulting corrected exchange potential show very good results for a hydrogen chain in an electric field and for a four-electron harmonium in a magnetic field.

Original languageEnglish
Article number044112
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Volume132
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Jan 2010
Externally publishedYes
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • density functional theory
  • electronic structure
  • exchange interactions (electron)
  • DENSITY-FUNCTIONAL THEORY
  • COORDINATE-SPACE MODEL
  • STRONG MAGNETIC-FIELDS
  • SYSTEMS
  • OCTOPUS
  • TOOL

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