A Common Digital Twin Platform for Education, Training and Collaboration

Tero Kaarlela

Tutkimustuotos: VäitöskirjaCollection of Articles


The world is in transition driven by digitalization; industrial companies and educational institutions are adopting Industry 4.0 and Education 4.0 technologies enabled by digitalization. Furthermore, digitalization and the availability of smart devices and virtual environments have evolved to pro- duce a generation of digital natives. These digital natives whose smart devices have surrounded them since birth have developed a new way to process information; instead of reading literature and writing essays, the digital native generation uses search engines, discussion forums, and on- line video content to study and learn. The evolved learning process of the digital native generation challenges the educational and industrial sectors to create natural training, learning, and collaboration environments for digital natives.

Digitalization provides the tools to overcome the aforementioned challenge; extended reality and digital twins enable high-level user interfaces that are natural for the digital natives and their interaction with physical devices. Simulated training and education environments enable a risk-free way of training safety aspects, programming, and controlling robots. To create a more realistic training environment, digital twins enable interfacing virtual and physical robots to train and learn on real devices utilizing the virtual environment. This thesis proposes a common digital twin platform for education, training, and collaboration. The proposed solution enables the teleoperation of physical robots from distant locations, enabling location and time-independent training and collaboration in robotics.

In addition to teleoperation, the proposed platform supports social communication, video streaming, and resource sharing for efficient collaboration and education. The proposed solution enables research collaboration in robotics by allowing collaborators to utilize each other’s equipment independent of the distance between the physical locations. Sharing of resources saves time and travel costs. Social communication provides the possibility to exchange ideas and discuss research. The students and trainees can utilize the platform to learn new skills in robotic programming, controlling, and safety aspects.

Cybersecurity is considered from the planning phase to the implementation phase. Only cybersecure methods, protocols, services, and components are used to implement the presented platform. Securing the low-level communication layer of the digital twins is essential to secure the safe teleoperation of the robots. Cybersecurity is the key enabler of the proposed platform, and after implementation, periodic vulnerability scans and updates enable maintaining cybersecurity. This thesis discusses solutions and methods for cyber securing an online digital twin platform.

In conclusion, the thesis presents a common digital twin platform for education, training, and collaboration. The presented solution is cybersecure and accessible using mobile devices. The proposed platform, digital twin, and extended reality user interfaces contribute to the transitions to Education 4.0 and Industry 4.0.
ISBN (elektroninen)978-952-03-2932-7
TilaJulkaistu - 2023
OKM-julkaisutyyppiG5 Artikkeliväitöskirja


NimiTampere University Dissertations - Tampereen yliopiston väitöskirjat
ISSN (painettu)2489-9860
ISSN (elektroninen)2490-0028


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