A Two-Stage Sequential Framework for Traffic Accident Post-Impact Prediction Utilizing Real-Time Traffic, Weather, and Accident Data

Amirhossein Abdi, Seyedehsan Seyedabrishami, Steve O'Hern

Tutkimustuotos: ArtikkeliScientificvertaisarvioitu

1 Lataukset (Pure)

Abstrakti

Detecting road accident impacts as promptly as possible is essential for intelligent traffic management systems. This paper presents a sequential two-stage framework for predicting the most congested traffic level that appears after an accident and the recovery time required for returning to the level of service that existed at the accident report time. As fewer accident characteristics are available at the report time, stage one models rely on real-time traffic and weather variables. With the arrival of the responders at the accident scene, more information is gained; therefore, the second stage model is activated, which updates the remaining accident duration time. We used eXtreme Gradient Boosting (XGBoost), a machine learning algorithm, and Shapley Additive exPlanations (SHAP) for making predictions and interpreting results, respectively. The results show that our framework predicts traffic levels with overall accuracies of around 80%, and duration models have high forecast accuracy with mean absolute percentage errors ranging between 7.26% and 21.59%. Overall, in the absence of accident information, SHAP values identified that weather factors, the traffic speed difference before and after an accident, traffic volume, and the percentage of heavy vehicles before the accident are the most important variables. However, accident variables, including the occurrence of injury or fatal accidents, rear-end collisions, and the number of involved vehicles, are among the most important variables in the second stage of the framework. The findings have practical implications for real-time traffic management of accident events. Road operators could manage post-accident traffic conditions more effectively, and road users could be alerted to take another route or manage their trip.

AlkuperäiskieliEnglanti
Artikkeli8737185
Sivumäärä16
JulkaisuJOURNAL OF ADVANCED TRANSPORTATION
Vuosikerta2023
DOI - pysyväislinkit
TilaJulkaistu - 2023
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä

Julkaisufoorumi-taso

  • Jufo-taso 1

!!ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Strategy and Management

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