Ability of the National Early Warning Score and its respiratory and haemodynamic subcomponents to predict short-term mortality on general wards: a prospective three-centre observational study in Finland

Eetu Loisa, Antti Kallonen, Sanna Hoppu, Joonas Tirkkonen

    Tutkimustuotos: ArtikkeliScientificvertaisarvioitu

    11 Lataukset (Pure)

    Abstrakti

    OBJECTIVES: To validate the ability of the National Early Warning Score (NEWS) to predict short-term mortality on hospital wards, with a special reference to the NEWS's respiratory and haemodynamic subcomponents. DESIGN: A large, 1-year, prospective, observational three-centre study. First measured vital sign datasets on general wards were prospectively collected using a mobile solution system during routine patient care. Area under receiver operator characteristic curves were constructed, and comparisons between ROC curves were conducted with Delong's test for two correlated ROC curves. SETTING: One university hospital and two regional hospitals in Finland. PARTICIPANTS: All 19 001 adult patients admitted to 45 general wards in the three hospitals over the 1-year study period. After excluding 102/19 001 patients (0.53%) with data on some vital signs missing, the final cohort consisted of 18 889 patients with full datasets. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary outcome measure was 1-day mortality and secondary outcomes were 2-day and 30-day mortality rates. RESULTS: Patients' median age was 70 years, 51% were male and 31% had a surgical reason for admission. The 1-day mortality was 0.36% and the 30-day mortality was 3.9%. The NEWS discriminated 1-day non-survivors with excellent accuracy (AUROC 0.91, 95% CI 0.87 to 0.95) and 30-day mortality with acceptable accuracy (0.75, 95% CI 0.73 to 0.77). The NEWS's respiratory rate component discriminated 1-day non-survivors better (0.78, 95% CI 0.72 to 0.84) as compared with the oxygen saturation (0.66, 95% CI 0.59 to 0.73), systolic blood pressure (0.65, 95% CI 0.59 to 0.72) and heart rate (0.67, 95% CI 0.61 to 0.74) subcomponents (p<0.01 in all ROC comparisons). As with the total NEWS, the discriminative performance of the individual score components decreased substantially for the 30-day mortality. CONCLUSIONS: NEWS discriminated general ward patients at risk for acute death with excellent statistical accuracy. The respiratory rate component is especially strongly associated with short-term mortality. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT04055350.

    AlkuperäiskieliEnglanti
    Artikkelie055752
    Sivumäärä7
    JulkaisuBmj Open
    Vuosikerta12
    DOI - pysyväislinkit
    TilaJulkaistu - 26 huhtik. 2022
    OKM-julkaisutyyppiA1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä

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