Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the utility of the active matrix metalloproteinase (aMMP-8)-point-of-care (PoC) test as a quantitative real-time chair-side diagnostic tool for peri-implant diagnosis, as well as assess the potentially developing and ongoing risk relative to the traditional clinical methods. Background: Current peri-implant and periodontal disease diagnoses rely on clinical and radiological examinations. This case-control study investigated the applicability of aMMP-8-PoC immunotest for quantitative real-time diagnosis and monitoring of dental implants in health and disease. Methods: Sixty-eight patients visiting a specialist clinic for maintenance following dental implant placement underwent assessment of their peri-implant health. aMMP-8-PoC peri-implant sulcular fluid (PISF) lateral-flow immunotests were performed using ImplantSafe® technology quantitated by ORALyzer®. In addition, the PISF samples were analyzed for total MMP-8, calprotectin, and interleukin (IL)-6 by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA), aMMP-8 by western immunoblot, and MMP-2 and MMP-9 by gelatin zymography. Results: The aMMP-8-PoC test promptly recorded and reflected peri-implant disease, differentiating it clearly from health. X-ray findings (bone loss > 2 mm), peri-implant pocket depth ≥ 3 mm, and bleeding on probing were significantly more prevalent among implants positive for the aMMP-8-PoC test. aMMP-8/ORALyzer analysis was more precise in recording disease than total MMP-8, calprotectin, IL-6, MMP-2, and MMP-9. Conclusions: The aMMP-8-PoC test can be conveniently implemented to alert for and detect active collagenolysis affecting peri-implant tissues, both in the early and advanced stages of the disease. Active and fragmented MMP-8 exhibits a strong and significant association with peri-implantitis as compared to total MMP-8 and other biomarkers and can be utilized as the POC/chairside biomarker of choice in the new classification of peri-implantitis.
|Julkaisu||Clinical And Experimental Dental Research|
|DOI - pysyväislinkit|
|Tila||Julkaistu - huhtik. 2022|
|OKM-julkaisutyyppi||A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä|
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