Algorithmic Fairness and its Limits in Group-Formation

Tutkimustuotos: KonferenssiartikkeliScientificvertaisarvioitu

Abstrakti

Abstract. Algorithmic group formation has become a flourishing research area
in the computer sciences, and more recently in the field of data mining and fair
machine learning. Application domains for algorithmic solutions to grouping
span wide, from team-recommendation and formation in work settings to ability-grouping in education. Recent work has also focused on fairness in group-formation. We briefly review literature on algorithmic team-formation and
consider fairness in different group-formation contexts. We articulate different
dimensions and constraints that are relevant for fair group-formation and discuss
the tension between utility and fairness. Many problems and limitations regarding
formal definitions of fairness explicated in the fair machine learning literature
apply also in the context of group-formation. We suggest some limits to the
relevance of fairness in general and algorithmic fairness, in particular. We argue
that algorithmic fairness is less relevant to some groups because of the way they
come to existence or because fairness is not a central value for them. Other central values are subjective rights; autonomy or liberty; legitimacy and authority;
solidarity; and diversity, each of which can be in tension with optimal fairness-and-utility. But within acceptable limits, we argue that fairness is indeed a
valuable goal that may be in tension with maximization of the relevant types of
utility
AlkuperäiskieliEnglanti
OtsikkoTethics2020: Conference on Technology Ethics
ToimittajatJani Koskinen, Minna Rantanen, Anne-Marie Tuikka, Sari Knaapi-Junnila
Sivut38-54
Sivumäärä17
TilaJulkaistu - 21 lokak. 2020
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA4 Artikkeli konferenssijulkaisussa
TapahtumaTethics: Conference on Technology Ethics - Turku
Kesto: 21 lokak. 202021 lokak. 2020

Julkaisusarja

NimiCEUR Workshop Proceedings
KustantajaCEUR
Numero2737
ISSN (elektroninen)1613-0073

Conference

ConferenceTethics: Conference on Technology Ethics
KaupunkiTurku
Ajanjakso21/10/2021/10/20

Julkaisufoorumi-taso

  • Jufo-taso 1

!!ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Philosophy

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