Antenna Development in Brain-Implantable Biotelemetric Systems for Next-Generation of Human Healthcare

Nikta Pournoori

    Tutkimustuotos: VäitöskirjaCollection of Articles

    Abstrakti

    In the growing efforts of promoting patients’ life quality through health technology solutions, implantable wireless medical devices (IMDs) have been identified as one of the frontrunners. They are bringing compelling wireless solutions for medical diagnosis and treatment through bio-telemetric systems that deliver real-time transmission of in-body physiological data to an external monitoring/control unit. To set up this bidirectional wireless biomedical communication link for the long- term, the IMDs need small and efficient antennas. Designing antenna-enabled biomedical telemetry is a challenging aim, which must fulfill demanding issues and criteria including miniaturization, appropriate radiation performance, bandwidth enhancement, good impedance matching, and biocompatibility.

    Overcoming the size restriction mainly depends on the resonant frequency of the required applications. Defined frequency bands for biomedical telemetry systems contain the Medical Implant Communication Service (MICS) operating at the frequency band of 402– 405 MHz, Medical Device Radiocommunication Service (MedRadio) resonating at the frequency ranges of 401– 406 MHz, 413 – 419 MHz, 426 – 432 MHz, 438 – 444 MHz, and 451 – 457 MHz, Wireless Medical Telemetry Service (WMTS) operating at frequency specturms of 1395 to 1400 MHz and 1427 to 1432 MHz, and Industrial, Scientific, and Medical (ISM) bands of 433.1–434.8 MHz, 868–868.6 MHz, 902.8–928.0 MHz, and 2.4–2.48 GHz. On the other hand, a single band antenna may not fulfill all requirements of a bio-telemetry system in either MedRadio, WMTS, or ISM bands. As a result, analyzing dual/multi-band implantable antenna supporting wireless power, data transmission, and control signaling can meet the demand for multitasking biotelemetry systems. In addition, among different antenna structures, PIFA has been found a promising type in terms of size-performance balance in lossy human tissues.

    To overcome the above-mentioned challenges, this thesis, first, starts with a discussion of antenna radiation in a lossy medium, the requirements of implantable antenna development, and numerical modeling of the human head tissues. In the following discussion, we concentrate on approaching a new design for far-field small antennas integrated into brain-implantable biotelemetric systems that provide attractive features for versatile functions in modern medical applications. To this end, we introduce three different implantable antenna structures including a compact dual-band PIFA, a miniature triple-band PIFA and a small quad-band PIFA for brain care applications. The compelling performance of the proposed antennas is analyzed and discussed with simulation results and the triple-band PIFA is evaluated using simulation outcomes compared with the measurement results of the fabricated prototype. Finally, the first concept and platform of in-body and off-body units are proposed for wireless dopamine monitoring as a brain care application.

    In addition to the main focus of this thesis, in the second stage, we focus on introducing an equivalent circuit model to the electrical connector-line transition. We present a data fitting technique for two transmission lines characterization independent of the dielectric properties of the substrate materials at the ultra-high frequency band (UHF). This approach is a promising solution for the development of wearable and off-body antennas employing textile materials in biomedical telemetry systems. The approach method is assessed with measurement results of several fabricated transmission lines on different substrate materials.
    AlkuperäiskieliEnglanti
    JulkaisupaikkaTampere
    ISBN (elektroninen)978-952-03-2728-6
    TilaJulkaistu - 2023
    OKM-julkaisutyyppiG5 Artikkeliväitöskirja

    Julkaisusarja

    NimiTampere University Dissertations - Tampereen yliopiston väitöskirjat
    Vuosikerta735
    ISSN (painettu)2489-9860
    ISSN (elektroninen)2490-0028

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