Because of the difficulties involved in the invasive monitoring of conscious patients, core temperature monitoring is frequently neglected during neuraxial anaesthesia. Zero heat flux (ZHF) and double sensor (DS) are non-invasive methods that measure core temperature from the forehead skin. Here, we compare these methods in patients under spinal anaesthesia. Sixty patients scheduled for elective unilateral knee arthroplasty were recruited and divided into two groups. Of these, thirty patients were fitted with bilateral ZHF sensors (ZHF group), and thirty patients were fitted with both a ZHF sensor and a DS sensor (DS group). Temperatures were saved at 5-min intervals from the beginning of prewarming up to one hour postoperatively. Bland–Altman analysis for repeated measurements was performed and a proportion of differences within 0.5 °C was calculated as well as Lin`s concordance correlation coefficient (LCCC). A total of 1261 and 1129 measurement pairs were obtained. The mean difference between ZHF sensors was 0.05 °C with 95% limits of agreement − 0.36 to 0.47 °C, 99% of the readings were within 0.5 °C and LCCC was 0.88. The mean difference between ZHF and DS sensors was 0.33 °C with 95% limits of agreement − 0.55 to 1.21 °C, 66% of readings were within 0.5 °C and LCCC was 0.59. Bilaterally measured ZHF temperatures were almost identical. DS temperatures were mostly lower than ZHF temperatures. The mean difference between ZHF and DS temperatures increased when the core temperature decreased. Trial registration: The study was registered in ClinicalTrials.gov on 13th May 2019, Code NCT03408197.
- Jufo-taso 1
!!ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Health Informatics
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine